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Oil and Gas

Oil, Gas and Solution Salt Mining in New York State

COVID-19 Update

Essential Functions of the Division of Mineral Resources and Entities Regulated Under ECL Article 23

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机All essential businesses and projects referenced below are generally deemed essential as per Empire State Development (ESD) guidance and may continue operation while Executive Order (EO) 202 is in effect. The essential activities described here involve field and project work that cannot be accomplished by working remotely and are described below to ensure that they can proceed in a manner consistent with State directives. Individual projects must fit the descriptions of essential businesses contained in ESD guidance and not simply fall under that general business type. Business owners or operators requesting written determination that they are performing essential business will be evaluated on an individual basis by DEC and ESD. Business owners or operators should consult the EO, Department of Labor, and ESD for the most current information on essential and non-essential businesses. Essential and non-essential designations may change upon issuance of new guidance from ESD. All essential businesses that continue to operate under EO 202 must comply with the most current guidance for a safe and clean workplace and they must adhere to guidelines on appropriate social distancing. Any of the essential activities described below also encompass any skilled trades, construction and professional services necessary to perform or supply materials to accomplish the work.

Essential mining activities幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 under Article 23 of the Environmental Conservation Law include the mining and processing of materials to produce products necessary for essential construction (transportation infrastructure) or essential manufacturing, solution salt mining that produces salts that are used in essential manufacturing for food and pharmaceuticals (including the drilling of new solution salt wells and all maintenance activities conducted on existing solution salt mine infrastructure), underground salt mining that produces salt for use on roads and other surfaces primarily for deicing for public safety recognizing that stockpiles of salt must be created well in advance of seasonal salt use as essential construction (in support of essential business). The mining of materials for ornamental purposes is not considered essential.

Essential remediation, reclamation, and restoration of mine sites include projects involving the reclamation of mine sites following the cessation of mining and the mitigation of existing and potential environmental impacts at mine sites as well as impacts to other lands and natural resources adversely affected by mining operations.

Inspections幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 of mines and mine sites and lands and natural resources affected by mining operations are deemed essential. Inspections of DEC-regulated well sites and any lands and natural resources affected by construction, development and/or plugging of any regulated well type is deemed essential. Inspections of all DEC-regulated facilities that are permitted and regularly inspected by Division of Mineral Resources' staff are also deemed essential.

Well plugging and site reclamation幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 of any DEC regulated well including reclamation of any access road or other land affected by operation of the well is deemed essential construction for public health and safety and for environmental protection.

Investigations幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 of alleged violations of Article 23 of the Environmental Conservation Law or its implementing regulations that require field inspections, construction-related activities, water sampling and other field activities are deemed essential.

Oil and gas well drilling and other hydrocarbon production-related activity幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 should continue as essential infrastructure (power generation and fuel supply). This may include well site construction, well drilling, and any workovers or completions necessary to produce new hydrocarbon sources or increase production in existing wells.

Geo-mechanical storage development幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 projects are essential infrastructure (power generation). This could include all construction, drilling, well plugging and completion activities associated with geo-mechanical energy storage development.

Underground gas storage幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 activities are essential infrastructure (utilities). These projects could include drilling or maintaining storage wells and pipelines.

Stratigraphic wells幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机 drilled in association with New York City water infrastructure development are essential infrastructure (public water).

Geothermal well drilling activities are essential infrastructure (power generation).

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机Other possible projects or businesses may exist in addition to these examples. Project sponsors will need to contact DEC in these cases.

Protecting the Environment

DEC's Division of Mineral Resources mission is to ensure the environmentally sound, economic development of New York's non-renewable energy and mineral resources for the benefit of current and future generations. Responsible development of non-renewable energy sources includes a primary focus on protecting land, air, and water supplies.

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机To carry out this mission, the Division of Mineral Resources regulates drilling and operation of all oil, natural gas, underground gas storage, and solution mining wells regardless of depth, as well as brine disposal, geothermal, and stratigraphic wells deeper than 500 feet. Further, the Division requires the plugging and abandonment of these wells after they have fulfilled their intended use and ensures that all sites are properly reclaimed (land is revegetated and restored).

The Division ensures that activities related to these regulated wells are conducted in an environmentally sound manner consistent with Article 23 of the Environmental Conservation Law (ECL) and its implementing regulations 6 NYCRR Parts 550 through 559.

Producing oil well with pump jack in a green field, yellow flowers and blue skies.

Lind #2 oil well in production

Drilling in New York

Oil and natural gas production have a rich history in the State of New York. The first commercial natural gas well in the United States was drilled in Fredonia, New York in 1821. The first commercial oil well in the state was drilled not long after in 1865 in Carrollton, NY.

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机Solution salt mining in New York dates back to the 1800's. The first solution salt mining well in the state was drilled in 1878. New York is consistently in the top three salt-producing states in the United States.

More than 75,000 wells have been drilled in New York; about 14,000 of these are still active, and new drilling continues. The interactive map, DECinfo Locator, provides access to well locations and links to well-specific information.

How We Use Resources

Hydrocarbons (oil and natural gas) are used in everyday life, from home heating oil/gas, to gasoline in our cars, to fabric, paint, and plastics manufacturing. Salt from solution mining wells is used for chlorine, water conditioning, road salt, and food products. Thus, oil, gas, and solution salt mining wells remain an important part of New York's economy. Extraction of oil and gas contributes half a billion dollars annually to the state's economy while the value of New York's solution salt mining production is estimated at over $100 million.

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机Wells in NY are also drilled for:

  • underground gas storage;
  • geothermal heating/cooling;
  • stratigraphic exploration; and
  • brine disposal.

Permits

Any potential environmental impacts from drilling and well operation are minimized through regulations and a permitting program. Permits are tools that allow DEC to implement guidelines and conditions to protect the land and environment during and after oil and gas extraction. When a permit application is received, the Division of Mineral Resources performs a detailed review of a proposed project and assess and potential environmental impacts in accordance with the State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQR)幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机. All well drilling applications must comply with the ECL and its implementing regulations which:

  • require setbacks from municipal water wells, surface bodies and streams;
  • protect groundwater by mandating a casing and cementing program for each well. Casing and cementing prevent the flow of oil, gas or salt water between underground formations;
  • require proper containment and disposal of drilling fluids, highly saline brines and other wastes;
  • contain conditions to prevent the escape of gas from wells;
  • inhibit oil spills through drilling permit requirements;
  • require proper plugging and abandonment of all wells; and
  • require that land impacted by drilling be reclaimed.

DB-13 well being drilled


Regulation Enforcement

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机The Division of Mineral Resources monitors and inspects well sites throughout drilling, production, and well plugging operations to ensure compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, orders, and permit conditions. If violations are observed, the Division will coordinate with operators to make certain that any pollution concerns are remediated and all compliance issues are resolved; however, DEC has the legal right to pursue enforcement actions under authority granted through ECL Article 71, Title 13.

Policy Declaration

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机New York State Oil, Gas and Solution Mining Law (ECL Article 23) includes provisions that:

  • regulate the development, production and utilization of natural resources of oil and gas in New York in a way to prevent waste;
  • authorize and provide for the operation and development of oil and gas properties so
    • there is a greater ultimate recovery of oil and gas, and
    • the correlative rights (fair access to a shared reservoir) of all owners and the rights of all persons including landowners and the general public are fully protected, and
  • provide for the underground storage of gas, the solution mining of salt and geothermal, stratigraphic and brine disposal wells.

幸运飞艇历史开奖记录苹果手机Complete text of the law can be found in the website.

If you are looking for information pertaining to mining and mined land reclamation, visit Mining & Reclamation.


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